Standard Operating Procedures
BALI PEOPLE ANIMAL WELFARE
As we are a small yayasan, BPAW is not equipped nor staffed to handle all animal situations. Here are some things you can do if you find an animal in need;
- Contact our email hotline and make sure to include all the details including the image of the animal, the location, the emergency, and your phone number.
- Contact emergency 27/7 veterinarian clinic including;
- Anom veterinarian clinic, phone 0811 4473 311, (0361) 723777
- Udayana veterinarian clinic 0818 0376 7240, (0361) 701954
Collars. Each dog should be fitted with an appropriate-sized collar that shows sign of BPAW care.
It is important that all animals under the care of BPAW are provided a regular feeding schedule of the good quality food.
Dogs are fed the correct amount of food based on the size and physical condition of the animal.
- Adult Dogs of normal weight are fed twice a day. Half of their portions are fed in the morning and the remaining half in the evening.
- Obese or overweight adult dogs are fed smaller portions twice a day.
- Underweight adult dogs, mama dogs and puppies under 4 months are fed 3 times a day, or more often depending upon vet advice.
- Other special needs dogs are fed as recommended by veterinarian advice.
Quantity of Food
The amount of dry dog food recommended for healthy adult dogs is listed in the chart below. It is understood that the chart is a guide only and that individual variations may be indicated.
Our feeders provide a mix of dry food, rice, vegetables, chicken, fish (suitable for dogs) and assorted vitamins supplements as part of the regular feeding routine.
Premium/Super Premium food brands (Hills, Royal Canin, Black Hawk, Holistic Select etc.)
|Ideal Weight of Dog||Weight Loss||Weight Maintenance|
|2-3 kg||1/2 cup (45 g)||3/4 cup (70 g)|
|4-7 kg||3/4 cup (70 g)||1 1/4 cups (115 g)|
|8-15 kg||1 1/4 cups (115 g)||2 cups (180 g)|
|16- 25 kg||2 cups (180 g)||3 1/3 cups (305 g)|
|26-34 kg||2 3/4 cups (250 g)||4 2/3 cups (425 g)|
|35- 42 kg||3 1/2 cups (320 g)||5 2/3 cups (515 g)|
|43+ kg||4 1/4 cups (385 g)||6 3/4 cups (615 g)|
All dogs are given fresh water every day, and water bowls refilled when necessary.
In an ideal world, all street and beach dogs and cats would be vaccinated. We do our best to vaccinate as many as we can and we appreciate the incredible efforts of the Dinas and Sanur banjars who provide free rabies vaccinations.
All healthy animals are vaccinated.
- Dogs, Cats, Puppies and Kittens (over 6 weeks of age) receive;
- Initial vaccines Distemper and Parvo, and
- Subsequent boosters after 2 weeks with Distemper, Parvo, and Rabies.
- Dogs, Cats, Puppies and Kittens are de-wormed with a broad-spectrum wormer for hookworms, roundworms, and whipworms. Heartworm tests are done on vet recommendation, or when access is available.
- Animals are Treated for Fleas and Ticks. Animals are treated with Comfortis/Advocate/Simparica/Nextgard/Bravecto, or comparable flea product.
- Unhealthy Animals are not vaccinated until examined by a licensed veterinarian, treated and healthy.
- We record the Date, Vaccinations and Treatment Given on the animal
- Other Vaccinations and/or Special Medications may be administered depending upon the health and condition of the animal.
MANDATORY POLICY OF STERILIZATION
BPAW has adopted a mandatory policy for all animals prior to adoption.
All dogs, cats, puppies, and kittens shall be spayed or neutered at minimum age of four months old, unless the health of the animal would be compromised by the surgical procedure. In such cases, spay/neuter surgery will take place as soon as the health of the animal permits.
The free sterilization program from BAWA is limited for local Bali dogs and cats. Sterilization for mix breed dogs and cats should be referred to nearby veterinarian.
Guidelines for adoption procedures and the handling of Adoption
The following procedures are designed to help place an animal in a suitable home.
- Application. Potential pet adopters must reside in the home where the animal would be placed. No one is permitted to complete an Adoption on behalf of a potential pet adopter, unless an adult is adopting a pet for their own child. Under extenuating circumstances, exceptions to this rule can only be made by BPAW team member.
- Family/Household Members. Because the decision to adopt a lifelong companion is a big step in one’s life, all family and household members are encouraged to participate in the selection of a pet. It is also highly recommended that dogs in current households meet the animal before the adoption process is finalized.
- Denying an Applicant. The adoption may be denied for a variety of reasons if the future animal’s home not meeting the values of BPAW. These may include an individual appearing under the influence of drugs, alcohol, someone who does not agree to abide by the adoption conditions, or someone with a poor track record.
- De-sexing of the Animal. BPAW strives to ensure that the animals placed foradoption do not contribute to companion animal over-population. All animals will be spayed or neutered prior to adoption unless the health of the animal does not permit such surgery.
- Medical Record. Upon adoption, the animal’s Medical Record is provided to the new owner.
- Animal Returns. For adopted animals returned to BPAW, the adopter must return the Vaccination Certificate, and another information pertinent to the returned animal that was given to him or her at the time of adoption.
The Foster Program is an avenue to rehabilitate “special needs” animals and house animals too young or sick for adoption.
A medical record is maintained for all animals, including information on vaccinations, de-worming and flea treatment. This information tracks the dates an animal is scheduled for its vet treatments and also provides pet adopters with a complete medical history of the animal. The medical record is kept in the animal’s file and is made available to potential adopters. It stays with the animal, whether he or she under BPAW care or adopted.
BPAW strives to demonstrate a respect for quality of life for its animals. BPAW does not euthanise animals to make space for other animals. Although euthanasia is the final act of kindness that we can show a critically ill, seriously injured, or dangerous animal, it is viewed as an alternative, only after very careful consideration, and always as a last resort. It is the policy of BPAW that animals to be euthanised are handled with respect and sensitivity, and protected from stress, fear, discomfort, and pain.
- Authorization Procedures. The decision to euthanize animals is made on a case-by-case basis, by BPAW committee. When deemed necessary for medical or behavioural reasons, and approved as indicated below, animals are humanely euthanized.
- Medical Reasons. Critically ill or seriously injured domestic animals may be euthanised at any point. This is done on advice from a veterinarian.
- Behavioural Reasons. The decision to euthanize dogs and cats for behavioural reasons requires approval by BPAW comittee, in consultation with the veterinarian team. Under no condition may an animal that is under consideration for euthanasia for behavioural reasons be released/hand over for adoption or foster whether it be to the public, volunteer, or staff member.
- Where the Animal will be Euthanised. The euthanasia is performed at the veterinary clinic whenever possible.
- Humane Disposal. The remains will be humanely disposed of by the Veterinary Service Provider, or by BPAW team.
BPAW’s euthanasia criteria for medical reasons;
- An animal that is suffering from an acute or chronic disease, illness, condition or pain that:
- cannot be, or is unlikely to be, readily ameliorated (made better), or
- is, or will likely be, unresponsive to treatment, or
- requires ongoing intensive or expensive treatment that any financial resources cannot afford.
- Animals with infectious (endemic or non-endemic) disease that:
- presents a significant risk to other animals, and
- where an isolation unit is not available, or
- where an isolation unit is not adequate to prevent the spread of disease.
- Where the animal’s illness, or treatment of the illness, presents a public health or safety risk to humans.
BPAW’s euthanasia criteria for behavioral reasons;
- An animal with a behavioural problem that results in suffering due to the animal experiencing fear and distress that cannot be successfully treated with behavior therapy considering the constraints on practical and financial resources available.
- An animal with a behavioural problem that presents a risk to itself, other animals, people or the environment that cannot be successfully treated considering the constraints on practical and financial resources available.
Confirmation of Death – (is it necessary?)
For all methods of euthanasia used, death must be confirmed before animals are disposed of or left unattended. If an animal is not dead, another method of euthanasia must be performed.
Clean animals are more adoptable than dirty animals. They are also more comfortable and generally healthier, all of which makes for a positive image to potential pet adopters. BPAW Staff or volunteers who wish to bathe and/or groom the dogs and cats may do so whenever possible. For animals whose fur is severely matted, the services of professional groomers are used.
LOST AND FOUND
It is the goal of BPAW to direct all stray animals to be reunited to their owners. All attempt is made to provide owners with the best up-to-date tools to assist them in locating a lost animal, and to record the finding animal in an accessible as possible way.
In circumstances where there is a perceived risk of emergency affecting the animals, all staff and volunteers are to be guided by the instructions from BPAW committee.
GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR ANIMAL WELFARE
BPAW understand there is a critical relationship between animal health and animal welfare.
BPAW follows the internationally recognized “five freedoms”;
1. freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition;
2. freedom from fear and distress;
3. freedom from physical and thermal discomfort;
4. freedom from pain, injury and disease; and
5. freedom to express normal patterns of behavior
Ethical Principles for Animal Welfare
• Animals are sentient beings.
• The rights and dignity of the animals are not to be violated.
• There is no distinction between the animal species.
• There is no moral justification for suffering.
The goal of animal welfare is to raise the status of animals, not to lower the status of humans.
Stray dog Criteria
Stray dog means any dog not under direct control by a person or not prevented from roaming.
Types of stray dog:
- free-roaming owned dog not under direct control or restriction at a particular time;
- free-roaming dog with no owner;
- feral dog: domestic dog that has reverted to the wild state and is no longer directly dependent upon humans.
Dog population control program objectives
The objectives of a program to control the dog population may include the following:
1. improve health and welfare of owned and stray dog population;
2. reduce numbers of stray dogs to an acceptable level;
3. promote responsible ownership;
4. assist in the creation and maintenance of a rabies immune or rabies-free dog population;
5. reduce the risk of zoonotic diseases other than rabies;
6. manage other risks to human health (e.g. parasites);
7. prevent harm to the environment and other animals;
8. prevent illegal trade and trafficking.
What do we do with Dog breeders and Dealers?
Work with banjars, organized group and welfare agencies to report all unauthorized breeders, breeders endangering animals lives, dog meat traders and dealers, and any person who is suspected of or cause deliberately mistreating or harming and animal.
Reduction in dog bite incidence